Mountain Rtanj

Rising majestically against the surrounding hills, Rtanj Mountain is a paradise for all outdoor enthusiasts, offering some of the most spectacular hiking trails in the region. However, this natural wonderland is much more than a beautiful destination for hikers. Shrouded in mystery and legends, stories of ancient civilizations, UFO sightings and mystical energies that have fascinated people for centuries, it attracts visitors from all over the world.


Whether you are an experienced mountaineer or just starting out, you will enjoy exploring the natural beauty and mystical intrigue of the Rtanj mountain.

Best time to visit Rtanj

In general, the mountain can be visited throughout the year, but the best time for hiking and outdoor activities is during the spring and early autumn months. The weather during this period is mild, and the mountain is covered with lush greenery and wildflowers in full bloom.


If you prefer colder weather and winter sports, you can visit the mountain during the winter months when it is covered with snow, but it is important to note that it can be challenging and treacherous then, and visitors should be prepared for icy and slippery conditions.


As far as the summer itself is concerned, the only thing to watch out for is the high temperatures, which can make it much more difficult to reach the top.


Tip: Don’t forget to check the weather forecast before going to the mountain, regardless of the season.

Who to hike with

It is always advisable to hike with someone, be it a guide or a companion. Hiking in company can provide you with an extra level of safety and support, as well as the opportunity to share the whole experience and enjoyment with someone else.


Mountaineering Society


Serbia can boast of many mountaineering societies that regularly organize mountaineering activities throughout the region.


Annual membership fees range from 500 to 1,500 dinars, after which only the individual tours you choose are charged.


Specifically, the prices of hiking tours to the Rtanj peak are between 2,000 and 3,000 dinars and include transportation, guide services and organization of the program.


Tip: The offer for a night ascent to Rtanj mountain is also popular, with the goal of waiting for the sunrise at the very top, but this tour is not recommended for people without any experience.


Also, if you choose to hike with guides, they can provide you with valuable information about the area, help you navigate the terrain, and ensure your safety. In addition, their task is always to point out interesting sights and wild animals along the way.


Tip: Having someone experienced with you can be crucial in many unplanned situations during these activities, including injuries.


On your own


If you are an experienced hiker and know the area, Rtanj is completely safe to hike on your own, but it is still important to let someone know your plans and expected time frame, and to bring the necessary safety gear and supplies.




Hiking to the top of Mount Rtanj is considered moderate in difficulty and takes about 3-4 hours. Although it is possible for children to go hiking, it may not be suitable for all children and precautions should be taken and an objective assessment of children’s individual abilities should be taken to ensure their safety.




Dogs are allowed access to the mountain and many owners decide to take their best friend to the very top. Of course, it is up to you to judge your dog’s ability for this type of effort.


Tip: There are many unsupervised dogs living at the foot of the mountain and they will almost always follow you to the very top, so this should also be taken into account, especially if you bring your own dog with you.

How to get to mountine Rtanj

If you decide to climb to the top of Mount Rtanj with a team from a mountaineering society, you don’t have to worry about transport to the mountain itself because it is almost always organized by the society.


By car


If you are traveling by car, the easiest way to get to Rtanj is to take the E75 highway towards Niš, and then turn onto the M25 towards Boljevac. From Boljevac, follow the signs to Rtnje and you will reach the foot of the mountain.


You can find a parking space along the street at the very foot of the mountain and it is free.


The distance from Belgrade to Rtnje is 235 km, from Niš 71 km, and from Užice 225 km.


Tip: It is important to note that the roads leading to Mount Rtanj can be narrow and winding, so it is recommended to drive carefully and watch out for other vehicles and pedestrians. In addition, it is recommended to use navigation to reach the mountain safely.


By bus


There are regular bus lines from major cities in Serbia to Boljevac, which is the closest town to Rtnje. From Boljevac, you can take a local bus to the foot of the mountain or take a taxi that will cost you less than 10 euros.

What to wear for hiking

The clothes

Dress in layers and choose breathable and moisture wicking materials to keep you dry all day long and comfortable. Tracksuits, leggings, comfortable pants, everything is possible. T-shirts, an unbuttoned sweatshirt over them and mandatory jackets in the colder period, especially because it is almost always very windy at the very top.


Tip: Bring a raincoat in case of rain.


Tip: Pack a hat to protect against wind, sun and rain.


Tip: A winter ski jacket is a great choice even in the spring months.




Choose shoes with good ankle support and a suitable tread for the terrain. It is not necessary to buy special hiking shoes or boots, especially if this is your first hike and you are not sure if you will ever do it again. Since the price of a quality pair can be quite high, any comfortable shoes will get the job done. If your choice comes down to sneakers, then choose a pair in which you are sure of comfort, but also those that you know will slip the least.


Tip: Decathlon stores offer a solid selection of hiking shoes at affordable prices.

Equipment for hiking

When it comes to hiking, having the right equipment is essential to ensure a safe and enjoyable experience. Here are some basic things to consider for a day on the mountain:


Backpack: Choose a lightweight, durable backpack with enough space to hold all your essentials.


Tip: When packing, think about the weight of the backpack and the fact that you will be carrying it on your back when you are tired.


Navigation: If you do not have a guide, bring a map, compass or GPS device to be sure where you are going. There are also many navigation applications on the phone that can be used without internet, and one of them is “”.


Sun protection: Wear a hat, sunglasses, and sunscreen to protect yourself from harmful UV rays.


Spare clothes: An extra pair of socks, trainers, t-shirt and underwear can be useful in case of precipitation or after coming down from the mountain (it is more pleasant to travel in dry and clean clothes)

First aid kit: Be prepared for minor injuries and carry a first aid kit with essentials such as bandages, gauze and antiseptic.


Water and snacks: Provide plenty of water and snacks to keep you hydrated and energized throughout the day.


Tip: We recommend at least 1.5 liters of drinking water per person and 3 sandwiches for the whole day.


Tip: Don’t forget paper and wet wipes.


Multi-tool or knife: A multi-tool or knife can be useful in different situations.


Hiking poles: If you have the opportunity, don’t forget about these sometimes underrated props that can be of great help when climbing, descending, but also for overcoming obstacles on the way.


Tip: The solid branches you’ll find on the trail itself are still a viable substitute for poles.


Headlamp or flashlight: Bring a reliable light source in case you end up hiking after sunset.

Difficulty of hiking

Mount Rtanj is known for its well-maintained and varied trails, and generally everyone can find a suitable one for themselves.


On the south side, there is an easier trail (length in both directions is about 15 km), which experts give a rating of 5/10 for fitness requirements, and 3/10 for technical requirements, which is a total of 4.

To put it simply, if you have never hiked before, it might be better to choose one of the less demanding mountains for the first time, simply so you don’t strain yourself when testing your fitness, endurance and knee ability. Although you may not have had any health problems until now, it often happens that symptoms such as excruciating pain in the knees appear only when you descend from the mountain.

Certainly, at a leisurely pace, the trail is manageable, so with good weather conditions and a lot of patience, all people with average fitness would be able to climb to the top.


Experienced mountaineers will mostly descend on the southern path, and they will reach the top by one of the more challenging ones, such as the so-called “Devil’s Path”. This trail is known for its steep ascents and descents, narrow trails, and exposure to steep slopes, making it particularly challenging and dangerous for inexperienced hikers. The trail requires a high level of physical fitness and endurance, as well as good mountaineering skills and equipment.


In addition to the Devil’s Trail, there are several more challenging trails on Rtanj Mountain, including the Gvozdac trail, which leads to the highest peak of the mountain, and the Šiljak trail, known for its panoramic views and rugged terrain.


Tip: Before leaving, especially if you don’t have a guide, carefully research the path to the beginning of the trail you will be hiking on.

Geology and geography of Rtanj mountain

Rtanj is a mountain located in eastern Serbia, and its geology and geography are quite unique. The top of the mountain reaches 1,565 meters above sea level and is known for its pyramidal shape.


Geologically, Rtanj is part of the Carpathian-Balkan Arc, a complex geological region that includes various rock types, including igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary rocks. The mountain is composed mainly of a type of rock called quartz diorite, which was formed during the Jurassic period.


The region around Rtnj has a diverse geography, with a range of landscapes including rolling hills, deep valleys and rugged mountain peaks. The mountain itself is home to a variety of plant and animal species, including many endemic species found only in this region.


Tip: Before the ascent path, there are households where you can drink a cup of rtan tea for 100 dinars or buy plants for the same that only grow on this mountain.


Rtanj is also known for its unique climate, which is influenced by its high altitude and location in eastern Serbia. The mountain is often covered in snow during the winter months, and temperatures can drop below freezing. In summer, the mountain is a popular destination for tourists seeking relief from the hot and humid conditions in the lowlands.

Legends and mysteries

There are several myths and legends associated with this mountain, many of which are passed down from generation to generation.


One of the most popular legends related to Rtanj is the one about the hidden underground city located under the mountain. According to this legend, an advanced civilization once lived inside the mountain, which built a network of tunnels and chambers beneath its surface. The city is said to have been full of treasures and was guarded by powerful spirits who protected it from foreigners. Although there is no evidence to support the existence of this city, the legend lives on and continues to capture the imagination of many.


Another legend related to Rtanj is that of a powerful energy field that springs from the mountain. Some believe that this energy has healing properties and can help restore balance and harmony of body and spirit. This has led to the mountain becoming a popular destination for those seeking spiritual enlightenment and healing.


There are also several stories of supernatural events occurring on and around the mountain. Some locals believe the mountain is home to various spirits and supernatural creatures, including witches, fairies and dragons. Others claim to have seen strange lights and heard mysterious sounds coming from the mountain, leading people to believe that there may be some truth to these stories.


At the top of Rtanj mountain are the remains of a small church built in 1936 and dedicated to the Transfiguration of Jesus. Measuring only 6 by 4 meters and made entirely of stone, the church is an important pilgrimage site for Orthodox Christians in Serbia and is visited by many believers every year, especially on the feast of the Transfiguration which is celebrated on August 6.


Undoubtedly, the legends of Rtnje are an important part of Serbian folklore and continue to play the imagination of people from all over the world. Although some may dismiss these stories as mere superstition, they still inspire wonder and curiosity in all who hear them.

What to visit around the mountain Rtanj

There are several interesting places to visit around Mount Rtanj in Serbia, these are some of them:


Soko Grad: Soko Grad is a medieval fortress located near the town of Soko Banje, about 30 km from the mountain Rtanj. The fortress was built in the 14th century and was an important strategic point during the Ottoman Empire. Today, visitors can explore the ruins of the fort and enjoy stunning views of the surrounding countryside.


Gamzigrad-Romuliana: Gamzigrad-Romuliana is an ancient Roman complex located near the town of Zaječar, about 40 km from the Rtanj mountain. The site was built by Emperor Galeria at the end of the 3rd and the beginning of the 4th century AD, and in 2007 it was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Visitors can explore the remains of the palace, amphitheatre, and temples.


Felix Romuliana: Felix Romuliana is another Roman archaeological site located near Gamzigrad-Romuliana. This place was the birthplace of Emperor Galerius and was named after his mother, Romula. Visitors can explore the remains of the imperial palace, baths and mausoleum.

Tip: Depending on which direction you come to Rtanj Mountain and how much time you have, you can explore which localities are worth a side visit during your trip.

Accommodation and food

In case you are planning a multi-day visit to Rtanj mountain, there are several accommodation options available.


Hotels: There are several hotels located in nearby towns and villages, such as Sokobanja and Boljevac. The price of one night can range from around 25-100 euros per night, depending on the quality of the hotel, location and amenities.


Camping: If you prefer to set up your own shelter, it is possible to camp in this area, but it is important to note that there are no official camping areas on Mount Rtanj. However, there are several flat areas where you can set up a tent, including near the top of the mountain.


Private accommodation: In nearby villages you can find several private apartments and rooms for rent. Websites like offer a range of options for all budgets.


Tip: It is always best to book accommodation in advance, especially during peak season, to ensure availability.




In the nearby towns and villages there are several restaurants and cafes where a basic meal can cost you between 5-10 EUR.


There is also the option of having lunch in one of the households at the foot of the mountain, just before the start of the southern path, where the price of a meal with one drink and dessert can be 7e, while the price of coffee or tea is less than 1 euro.


However, if you plan to cook your own meals or bring your own food, you can save a lot of money.

Tip: For a full-day hiking tour, it is recommended to bring at least 3 sandwiches (meals) per person and 1.5 liters of water.

If you lack inspiration for planning your next adventure, perhaps you can find it in a travel guide through Jordan or Zanzibar. See you at the next destination!



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